Scenario Process

“Sustainable Hyderabad” as an applied action research project needs understandable scenarios as a framework for strategic discussions and decisions on research questions, pilot projects and policy recommendations.

Therefore, the project team together with core partners, both from research, government, business and civil society, started a scenario process which culminated in Scenario-Workshop in Hyderabad on February 28th and March 2nd, 2009. Here, we developed key categories in four thematic fields of a sustainable, climate friendly growth in Hyderabad (energy, transport, water, food), which were documented, discussed and elaborated in a core group afterwards and then sent to all partners with the possibility for comments, critique and further suggestions. The result of this scenario process has been documented. It serves both as tool for understanding the interdependence of thematic fields and governance forms and as a leitmotif for further (action) research in the Megacity.

The scenario for a climate friendly and inclusive growth of the Hyderabad Metropolitan Area covers a time frame of 20 years up to 2030. It geographically aims at the Greater Hyderabad Metropolitan Area and socially at organisations, which have stakes and/or responsibilities for planning the future of the region. Thus, it aims at organisations from planning authorities (“Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority” HMDA), municipal administration (“Greater Hyderabad Metropolitan Corporation”, GHMC) one the one hand to NGOs as the „Forum for a Better Hyderabad“ and “Residence Welfare Organisations” on the other. Key partners from Hyderabad during the workshop were Dr. Jawahar Reddy (then: HMDA), Prof. Utpal Sharma (CEPT), Dr. S. Nagabhushana Rao, Prof. Ramachandraiah (CESS), Dr. Chelikani Rao (IFHD), Mr. Ramanjaneyulu (Centre for Sustainable Agriculture), Mr. Vedakumar (Forum for a Better Hyderabad) and Prof. Geeta Reddy (Osmania University).

The scenario workshop had two quite different aims:
1. to push forward the formulation of scenarios for a clima friendly and inclusive growth of the Hyderabad Metropolitan Area and
2. to integrate important stakeholders in Hyderabad, both from policy and academia and their already existing scenarios into the scenario process of the Megacity project.
In order to match these two aims, the workshop was divided into two parts with two different settings, actors and subtasks:
- On the first day, the inner circle of the Hyderabad Megacity project (16 researchers of the 5 sub-projects plus some close indian partners) pushed forward an integrative scenario, by discussing descriptors and intervention points for Infrastructures (Energy, water, transport) and for Lifestyles (health, food and nutrition). The discussion of cross-impact matrixes led to an integration of thematically specialized scenarios of the different sub projects into a more coherent scenario as a leitmotiv for the overal project.

- On the second day, the result of the first day was presented to an distinguished audience of key figures of Hyderabad’s planning authorities, NGOs and scientific planning institutes. Additionally, these key figures had been asked to present their (mostly thematic) scenarios, which they had developed in the past. The whole morning was devoted to these presentations (including discussions). After lunch, in a second step during the whole afternoon, both, the invited experts and the megacity project staff members (alltogether around 50 people) were divided into four thematic groups to discuss the integration of the megacity project scenario elements and the thematic scenarios presented in the morning session. In four thematic groups (Energy, Transport, Water and Food), the participants discussed the possibilities of scenario integration by a reality check of scenarios (how realistic were the presented scenarios?), a stakeholder check, an integration check and a discussion of open research questions. Additionally, the four groups again identified descriptors and intervention points for the thematic fields.
These descriptors and intervention points were used to develop a worst case and a sustainability scenario, which were published thereafter. The valuable results generated did help to develop sustainable strategies for the mitigation of climate change and – where mitigation is not possible – to develop adaptation strategies to the climate change in different sectors in Hyderabad by changing institutions, governance structures, lifestyles and consumption patterns.